How powerful is the human mind?
The fact that you believe more in own your ability in a certain area is proven to increase your performance. Clearly, the women in the quote above didn’t change their math competences simply by thinking about the fact that there are Asians. Nevertheless, their performance improved significantly simply by focusing on this fact prior to the test.
This is an effect known as priming - a psychological concept that implies that our exposure to a certain stimulus influences our response to another stimulus.
Here are some examples of the priming effect.
The effect of being conscious of race
Studies have shown that the fact of being conscious of race affect the performance of for example students. Race itself has no effect.
In one study African American students performed worse than white students ONLY when they were asked to fill out a form before the test disclosing their race.
Another study wanted to test if the election of Barack Obama as president had any effect on the performance of black students. So the researcher gave one group of blacks a test before the elections and another group of blacks the test immediately after. The performance of the second group had improved significantly. The conclusion is that the confidence it gave the students of having a black person elected president dramatically improved test scores.
Simple forms of priming our mind
The effect of priming can also be illustrated by simple examples. Research has shown that people are faster to recognize a word if the word they are shown just before is associated to it. For example:
- Someone seeing the word “yellow” will recognize the word “banana” faster than for example the word “coconut”.
- The word “nurse” is recognized faster if the previous word is “doctor” than if it is “orange”.